Nano-Micro Letters

A Review on Graphene-Based Nanomaterials in Biomedical Applications and Risks in Environment and Health

Thabitha P. Dasari Shareena1, Danielle McShan1, Asok K. Dasmahapatra1, Paul B. Tchounwou1,*

icon-htmlFull Text Html
icon-pdf-smPDF w/ Links
icon-citExport Citation
+Show more

Nano-Micro Lett. (2018) 10: 53

First Online: 22 April 2018 (Review)


*Corresponding author. E-mail: paul.b.tchounwou@jsums.edu





Graphene-based nanomaterials (GBNs) have attracted increasing interests of the scientific community due to their unique pyhsico-chemical properties and their applications in biotechnology, biomedicine, bioengineering, disease diagnosis and therapy. Although a large amount of researches has been conducted on these novel nanomaterials, limited comprehensive reviews are published on their biomedical applications and potential environmental and human health effects. The present research aimed at addressing this knowledge gap by examining and discussing: 1) the history, synthesis, structural properties and recent developments of GBNs for biomedical applications; 2) GBNs uses as therapeutics, drug/gene delivery and antibacterial materials; 3) GBNs applications in tissue engineering and in research as biosensors and bioimaging materials; and 4) GBNs potential environmental effects and human health risks.  It also discussed the perspectives and challenges associated with the biomedical applications of GBNs.



Graphene-based nanomaterials; Biomedical; Delivery; Biosensors; Tissue engineering; Bioimaging; Health and environment risks

 View: Full Text HTML | PDF w/ Links