Nano-Micro Letters

Housing Sulfur in Polymer Composite Frameworks for Li-S Batteries

Luke Hencz1, Hao Chen1, Han Yeu Ling1, Yazhou Wang1, Chao Lai1 , Huijun Zhao1, Shanqing Zhang1, *

Abstract
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Nano-Micro Lett. (2019) 11: 17

First Online: 27 February 2019 (Article)

DOI:10.1007/s40820-019-0249-1

*Corresponding author. E-mail: s.zhang@griffith.edu.au (Shanqing Zhang)

 

Abstract

 


Toc

Extensive efforts have been devoted to the design of micro-, nano-, and/or molecular structures of sulfur hosts to address the challenges of lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries, yet comparatively little research has been carried out on the binders in Li-S batteries. Herein, we systematically review the polymer composite frameworks that confine the sulfur within the sulfur electrode, taking the roles of sulfur hosts and functions of binders into consideration. In particular, we investigate the binding mechanism between the binder and sulfur host (such as mechanical interlocking and interfacial interactions), the chemical interactions between the polymer binder and sulfur (such as covalent bonding, electrostatic bonding, etc.), as well as the beneficial functions that polymer binders can impart on Li-S cathodes, such as conductive binders, electrolyte intake, adhesion strength etc. This work could provide a more comprehensive strategy in designing sulfur electrodes for long life, large capacity and high rate Li-S battery.


 

Keywords

Lithium-sulfur battery; Sulfur cathode; Binder; Binding mechanism; Polymer composite frameworks

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