Nano-Micro Letters

Recent Advances in 2D Lateral Heterostructures

Jianwei Wang1, Zhiqiang Li1, Haiyuan Chen1, Guangwei Deng2, Xiaobin Niu1, *

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Nano-Micro Lett. (2019) 11: 48

First Online: 05 June 2019 (Review)


*Corresponding author. E-mail: xbniu@uestc.edu.cn (Xiaobin Niu)





Recent developments in synthesis and nanofabrication technologies offer the tantalizing prospect of realizing various applications from two-dimensional (2D) materials. A revolutionary development is to flexibly construct many different kinds of heterostructures with a diversity of 2D materials. These 2D heterostructures play an important role in semiconductor and condensed matter physics studies and are promising candidates for new device designs in the fields of integrated circuits and quantum sciences. Theoretical and experimental studies have focused on both vertical and lateral 2D heterostructures; the lateral heterostructures are considered to be easier for planner integration and exhibit unique electronic and photoelectronic properties. In this Review, we give a summary of the properties of lateral heterostructures with homogeneous junction and heterogeneous junction, where the homogeneous junctions have the same host materials and the heterogeneous junctions are combined with different materials. Afterward, we discuss the applications and experimental synthesis of lateral 2D heterostructures. Moreover, a perspective on lateral 2D heterostructures is given at the end. 



Two-dimensional lateral heterostructures; Tunable mechanisms; Experimental synthesis

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