21August2019

Nano-Micro Letters

Bio-Derived Hierarchical Multicore–Shell Fe2N-Nanoparticle-Impregnated N-Doped Carbon Nanofiber Bundles: A Host Material for Lithium-/Potassium-Ion Storage

Hongjun Jiang1, +, Ling Huang1, +, Yunhong Wei1, Boya Wang1, Hao Wu1, *, Yun Zhang1, * Huakun Liu2, Shixue Dou2

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Nano-Micro Lett. (2019) 11: 56

First Online: 15 July 2019 (Article)

DOI:10.1007/s40820-019-0290-0

*Corresponding author. E-mail: hao.wu@scu.edu.cn (Hao Wu); y_zhang@scu.edu.cn (Yun Zhang)

 

Abstract

 


Toc

Despite the significant progress in the fabrication of advanced electrode materials, complex control strategies and tedious processing are often involved for most targeted materials to tailor their compositions, morphologies, and chemistries. Inspired by the unique geometric structures of natural biomacromolecules together with their high affinities for metal species, we propose the use of skin collagen fibers for the template crafting of a novel multicore–shell Fe2N–carbon framework anode configuration, composed of hierarchical N-doped carbon nanofiber bundles firmly embedded with Fe2N nanoparticles (Fe2N@N-CFBs). In the resultant heterostructure, the Fe2N nanoparticles firmly confined inside the carbon shells are spatially isolated but electronically well connected by the long-range carbon nanofiber framework. This not only provides direct and continuous conductive pathways to facilitate electron/ion transport, but also helps cushion the volume expansion of the encapsulated Fe2N to preserve the electrode microstructure. Considering its unique structural characteristics, Fe2N@N-CFBs as an advanced anode material exhibits remarkable electrochemical performances for lithium- and potassium-ion batteries. Moreover, this bio-derived structural strategy can pave the way for novel low-cost and high-efficiency syntheses of metal nitride/carbon nanofiber heterostructures for potential applications in energy-related fields and beyond.


 

Keywords

Anode material; Iron nitride; Lithium-ion battery; Potassium-ion battery; Multicore–shell structure

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