21August2019

Nano-Micro Letters

Rational Design of Layered SnS2 on Ultralight Graphene Fiber Fabrics as Binder-Free Anodes for Enhanced Practical Capacity of Sodium-Ion Batteries

Zongling Ren1, Jie Wen1, Wei Liu1, Xiaoping Jiang1, Yanheng Dong3, Xiaolong Guo1, Qiannan Zhao1, Guipeng Ji1, Ronghua Wang3, Ning Hu1, Baihua Qu2, *, Chaohe Xu1, 4, *

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Nano-Micro Lett. (2019) 11: 66

First Online: 03 August 2019 (Article)

DOI:10.1007/s40820-019-0297-6

*Corresponding author. E-mail: xche@cqu.edu.cn (Chaohe Xu); bhqu@xmu.edu.cn (Baihua Qu)

 

Abstract

 


Toc

Generally, the practical capacity of an electrode should include the weight of non-active components such as current collector, polymer binder, and conductive additives, which were as high as 70 wt% in current reported works, seriously limiting the practical capacity. This work pioneered the usage of an ultralight reduced graphene fiber (rGF) fabrics as conductive scaffolds, aiming to reduce the weight of non-active components and enhance the practical capacity. Ultrathin SnS2 nanosheets/ rGF hybrids were prepared by hydrothermal and sulfurization reactions and used as binder-free electrodes of sodium-ion batteries (SIBs). The interfused graphene fibers endow the electrode a porous, continuous, and conductive network. The in-situ phase transformation from SnO2 to SnS2 could preserve the strong interfacial interactions between SnS2 and graphene. Benefitting from these, the designed binder-free electrode delivers a high specific capacity of 500 mAh g-1 after 500 cycles at a current rate of 0.5 A g-1 with almost 100% Coulombic efficiency. Furthermore, the weight percentage of SnS2 in the whole electrode could reach up to 67.2 wt%, much higher than that of common electrode configurations using Cu foil, Al foil, or carbon cloth, significantly highlighting the ultralight characters and advantages of the rGF fabrics for using as binder-free electrodes of SIBs.


 

Keywords

SnS2; Graphene fiber fabric; Binder-free electrode; Practical capacity; Sodium-ion batteries

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