Nano-Micro Letters

A Review on Deterministic Lateral Displacement for Particle Separation and Detection

Thoriq Salafi1, 2, Yi Zhang2, Yong Zhang1, 2, *

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Nano-Micro Lett. (2019) 11: 77

First Online: 17 September 2019 (Review)


*Corresponding author. E-mail: (Yong Zhang)





The separation and detection of particles in suspension are essential for a wide spectrum of applications including medical diagnostics. In this field, microfluidic deterministic lateral displacement (DLD) holds a promise due to the ability of continuous separation of particles by size, shape, deformability, and electrical properties with high-resolution. DLD is a passive microfluidic separation technique that has been widely implemented for various bioparticle separation from blood cells to exosomes. DLD techniques have been previously reviewed in 2014. Since then, the field has matured as several physics of DLD have been updated, new phenomena have been discovered, and various designs have been presented to achieve a higher separation performance and throughput. Furthermore, some recent progress has shown new clinical applications and ability to use the DLD arrays as a platform for biomolecules detection. This review provides a thorough discussion on the recent progress in DLD with the topics based on the fundamental studies on DLD models and applications for particle separation and detection. Furthermore, current challenges and potential solutions of DLD are also discussed. We believe that a comprehensive understanding on DLD techniques could significantly contribute towards the advancements in the field for various applications. In particular, the rapid, low-cost, and high-throughput particle separation and detection with DLD have a tremendous impact for point-of-care diagnostics.



Microfluidic; Deterministic lateral displacement; Particle separation; Particle detection

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