Nano-Micro Letters

Optical properties of ZnO and Mn-doped ZnO nano-crystals by vapor phase transport processes

Z. Wang 1, 2 , X. Y. Ma 1,*, J. W. Song 1, J. H. Yao 2 Abstract
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Nano-Micro Letters, , Volume 1, Issue 1, pp 45-48
Publication Date (Web): December 20, 2009 (Article)




Figure 1 Schematic diagram of the experimental system.

In this paper we investigated the optical properties of ZnO and Mn doped ZnO nanocrystals that were fabricated by a vapor phase transport growth process, using zinc acetate dihydrate with or without Mn in a constant O2/Ar mixture gas flowing through the furnace at 400~600℃, respectively. The as grown ZnO nanocrystals are homogeneous with a mean size of 19 nm observed by scanning electron microscope (SEM). The optical characteristics were analyzed by absorption spectra and photoluminescence (PL) spectra at room-temperature. For ZnO nanocrystals, a strong and predominant UV emission peaked at 377 nm was found in the PL spectra. For Mn doped ZnO nanocrystals, in addition to the strong UV emission, a strong blue emission peaked at 435 nm was observed as well. By doping Mn ions, the major UV emission shifts from 377 nm to 408 nm, showing that Mn ions were not only incorporated into ZnO Ncs, but also introduced an impurity level in the bandgap. Moreover, with the concentration of Mn increasing, the relative intensities of the two emissions change largely, and the photoluminescence mechanism of them is discussed.



ZnO and Mn-doped ZnO nanocrystals; Optical properties; Vapor phase transport growth


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